Saturday, July 27, 2019

Compensation of kidney donors in Chile: an estimate of benefits

A look into a possible future, from the December 2019 issue of the Latin American Economic Review:

An analysis of economic incentives to encourage organ donation: evidence from Chile
Parada-Contzen, M. & Vásquez-Lavín, F. Lat Am Econ Rev (2019) 28: 6.

We perform a cost–benefit analysis on the introduction of monetary incentives for living kidney donations by estimating the compensation that would make an individual indifferent between donating and not donating a kidney while alive using Chilean data. We find that monetary incentives of US$12,000 save US$38,000 to health care system per donor and up to US$169,871 when we consider the gains in quality of life of receiving an organ. As one allows the incentives to vary depending on the individual position on the wage distribution, the compensation ranges from US$4214 to US$83,953. Importantly, introducing payments to living donors payable by a third party helps patients who currently may not have access to necessary medical treatment. Therefore, exclusions in access for organs due to the monetary constraints can be prevented.

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