Sunday, June 24, 2018

Visiting Hangzhou

I'm on my way to Hangzhou, via Shanghai, for a meeting called by Alibaba.  I'll only be there for two busy days.
Read all about it:

问大家!和诺奖获得者面对面聊人类未来你来不来?


Here are some others who are coming
1.Patrick Bolton (帕特里克·博尔顿):哥伦比亚大学教授,美国艺术与科学院院士、英国科学院院士、美国金融学会院士,当代最著名的金融学家之一。
2、Markus Brunnermeier(马科斯·布鲁纳米尔):普林斯顿大学Bendheim金融中心主任,美国国家经济研究中心和经济政策研究中心成员,撰写有大量关于金融危机和货币政策的著作。
3、Bengt Holmstrom (本特·霍姆斯特罗姆):麻省理工学院教授,美国人文与科学院院士,契约理论的奠基人之一,2016年获得诺贝尔经济学奖。
4、Josh Lerner (杰斯·勒那):哈佛商学院教授,100位对私募行业最有影响力的学者之一,研究主要集中在风险投资机构的结构和作用。
5、Preston McAfee (普斯顿·麦法宜):前谷歌战略技术主管、微软首席经济学家,重视根据微观经济学基础,提出商业战略和竞争解决办法。
6、Christopher A. Pissarides(克里斯托弗·皮萨里德斯):伦敦经济学院教授,英国社会科学院院士,2010年因在市场搜寻理论和宏观经济方面的突出贡献获得诺贝尔经济学奖。
7、Yingyi Qian(钱颖一):清华大学经济与管理研究院院长,制度经济学的代表人物,2012年当选为世界计量经济学会会士、2018年当选为清华大学首批文科资深教授。
8、Alvin E. Roth(阿尔文·罗思):哈佛商学院教授,美国文理科学院院士,美国经济学会主席,在博弈论、市场设计与实验经济学取得卓越贡献,2012年获得诺贝尔经济学奖。
9、Thomas Sargent(托马斯·萨金特):纽约大学教授,理性预期学派的领袖人物,擅长总体经济学、货币经济学、时间序列等领域,2011年获诺贝尔经济学奖。
10、Michael Spence (迈克尔·斯宾塞):美国社会科学院院士,提出的信息不对称理论为广泛的市场理论奠定了基础,形成了现代信息经济学的核心,2001年获得诺贝尔经济学奖。
11、Steve Tadelis (史蒂文·泰迪里斯):加州大学伯克利分校哈斯商学院教授,研究致力于理解企业和市场的契约机制如何影响价值创造,著有《博弈论导论》等。
12、Neng Wang(王能):美国哥伦比亚大学商学院教授、上海财经大学金融学院院长,研究领域包括公司金融学,宏观经济学,资产定价理论,私募及对冲基金等。
13、Shangjin Wei(魏尚进):美国哥伦比亚商学院金融学经济学教授,美国国民经济研究局中国经济研究组主任。主要研究领域为国际金融、国际贸易、政府治理和改革、中国经济以及宏观经济学。
14.、Wei Xiong (熊伟):普林斯顿大学教授,香港中文大学(深圳)经管学院院长,国际顶级期刊《Journal of Finance》联合主编,研究领域包括投机泡沫、金融危机、行为金融学等。
15、Chengang Xu (许成钢):长江商学院教授、香港大学经济学教授,中国政府治理研究的基石,2013年获孙冶方经济科学奖。

Saturday, June 23, 2018

Who accepts which deceased donor kidneys? Agarwal, Ashlagi, Somaini and Waldinger in the AEA P&P


Dynamic Incentives in Wait List Mechanisms






Download Full Text PDF 






Friday, June 22, 2018

Tuneups for kidney exchange by Agarwal, Aslahi, Azevedo, Featherstone and Karaduman

From the May 2018, first issue of the AEA (not R) Papers and Proceedings:
What Matters for the Productivity of Kidney Exchange?
Nikhil Agarwal
Itai Ashlagi
Eduardo Azevedo
Clayton Featherstone
Ömer Karaduman


Download Full Text PDF 


Thursday, June 21, 2018

Repugnance watch: referendum proposes to end (some) legal prostitution in Nevada

The November ballot will have a referendum on prostitution in two Nevada counties where it is currently legal. The WSJ has the story:

Is the Party Over for Nevada’s Legal Brothels? Possibility of a Ban Looms
Referendum measures, if passed, would outlaw nine bordellos in two Nevada counties as women’s advocates take on working conditions for prostitutes

"A coalition of women’s advocacy groups in Nevada has undertaken referendum initiatives against legal prostitution in Lyon and Nye counties, opposite corners of the state that are home to about half of the state’s brothels.
...
"Nevada began legalizing prostitution on a county basis in 1971, the only state to have done so. Seven of the state’s 16 counties have licensed bordellos; prostitution remains illegal in populous Clark County including Las Vegas, and Washoe County including Reno.

"Women’s activists said they began seeking the bans last year after hearing about prostitutes being assaulted at the brothels. “These are all areas of sexual harassment and assault within the workplace, which is why this is a part of the #MeToo movement,” said Melissa Holland, executive director of Awaken, a Reno women’s nonprofit that teamed with other groups to push for referendums.
...
"Frederick Fabian, manager at the Desert Club brothel in Battle Mountain, Nev., which hasn’t been targeted for a ban, said illegal prostitution is a dangerous profession while legalized prostitution isn’t. “The cathouses and brothels are regulated by the county sheriff and the health facilities,” he said."

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Statement on Harmful Consequences of Separating Families at the U.S. Border, by the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine issued the following statement today: 
Statement on Harmful Consequences of Separating Families at the U.S. Border
We urge the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to immediately stop separating migrant children from their families, based on the body of scientific evidence that underscores the potential for lifelong, harmful consequences for these children and based on human rights considerations.

Reports from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine contain an extensive body of evidence on the factors that affect the welfare of children – evidence that points to the danger of current immigration enforcement actions that separate children from their parents. Research indicates that these family separations jeopardize the short- and long-term health and well-being of the children involved. In addition, the Committee on Human Rights of the National Academies, which has a long history of addressing issues at the intersection of human rights, science, and health, stresses that the practice of separating parents from their children at the border is inconsistent with U.S. obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Parents’ impact on their children’s well-being may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child’s brain is developing rapidly and when nearly all of her or his experiences are shaped by parents and the family environment (NASEM, 2016, p. 1).  Young children who are separated from their primary caregivers may potentially suffer mental health disorders and other adverse outcomes over the course of their lives (NASEM, 2016, p. 21-22). Child development involves complex interactions among genetic, biological, psychological, and social processes (NRC and IOM, 2009, p. 74), and a disruption in any of these – such as family disruption – hinders healthy development and increases the risk for future disorders (NRC and IOM, 2009, p.102-104).  Young children are capable of deep and lasting sadness, grief, and disorganization in response to trauma and loss (NRC and IOM, 2000, p. 387).  Indeed, most mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders have their roots in childhood and adolescence (NRC and IOM, 2009, p. 1), and childhood trauma has emerged as a strong risk factor for later suicidal behavior (IOM, 2002, p. 3).  

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child relationship and the family environment are at the foundation of children’s well-being and healthy development. We call upon the Department of Homeland Security to stop family separations immediately based on this evidence.

Marcia McNutt
President, National Academy of Sciences

C. D. Mote, Jr.
President, National Academy of Engineering

Victor J. Dzau

President, National Academy of Medicine

Canada legalizes recreational marijuana

First, a thoughtful tweet from the Prime Minister, about markets and black markets:
Here's the story from the CBC:

Senate passes pot bill, paving way for legal cannabis in 8 to 12 weeks
Federal government's bill legalizing recreational cannabis passes 52-29

"Now that the bill has passed, it's up to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his cabinet to choose the actual date when the legalization of recreational marijuana becomes law of the land. Bill C-45 comes with a provisional buffer period of eight to 12 weeks to give provinces time to prepare for sales of recreational marijuana."


And here's the NY Times:
Vote in Canada Paves the Way for Legalization of Marijuana

"Canada’s Senate passed legislation on Tuesday that will make Canada the first country with a major economy to legalize recreational marijuana use.

"The bill, which was approved by the House of Commons on Monday, goes next to the governor-general, the representative of Queen Elizabeth, as a formality. Once it is formally approved, the legislation is expected to create a multibillion dollar industry, with Canada joining Uruguay as the only countries to allow their citizens on a national level to use marijuana without fear of arrest."

Best paper award to Mohammad Akbarpour and Shengwu Li for "Credible Mechanisms"

Good news from ec18 now going on at Cornell.

The Best Paper Award goes to "Credible Mechanisms" by Mohammad Akbarpour and Shengwu Li 

Here is the paper: Credible Mechanisms

Abstract: Consider an extensive-form mechanism, run by an auctioneer who communicates sequentially and privately with agents.  Suppose the auctioneer can deviate from the rules provided that no single agent detects the deviation.  A mechanism is credible if it is incentive-compatible for the auctioneer to follow the rules. We study the optimal auctions in which only winners pay, under symmetric independent private values.The  first-price  auction  is  the  unique  credible  static  mechanism.   The  ascending auction is the unique credible strategy-proof mechanism.

And here are their websites
Mohammad Akbarpour
Shengwu Li

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Why high incentives might require muscular informed consent (Ambuehl, Ockenfels and Stewart)

Here's a new paper (or at least just recently on the web) showing that subjects who are enticed by high payments might be disproportionately those who have difficulty gathering information about the risks...i.e.. these potential participants respond more to high payoffs than those who might have been able to gather information easily (and might have participated for a lower payment or been deterred even despite a high payment).

Attention and Selection Effects

CESifo Working Paper No. 7091 (Mai 2018)
Primary CESifo Category: [13] Behavioural Economics 
Abstract:
Who participates in transactions when information about the consequences must be learned? We show theoretically that decision makers for whom acquiring and processing information is more costly respond more strongly to changes in incentive payments for participating and decide to participate based on worse information. With higher payments, the pool of participants thus consists of a larger proportion of individuals who have a worse understanding of the consequences of their decision. We conduct a behavioral experiment that confirms these predictions, both for experimental variation in the costs of information acquisition and for various measures of information costs, including school grades and cognitive ability. These findings are relevant for any transaction combining a payment for participation with uncertain yet learnable consequences.

Monday, June 18, 2018

Alex Teytelboym on Love Island

Alex T. writes to let me know that he has been explaining British reality TV: a show where beautiful people couple up and couple on camera, apparently.

 The economics of Love Island: how game theory explains 'coupling up'
by  

His concluding paragraphs:

"So how does economic theory help contestants win Love Island? It’s very tempting to dump your partner and couple up with someone else, especially when there are eight weeks to go. But leaving your partner for someone else once tells others you are bad egg who cannot be trusted. As the series nears its end, the rewards from commitment are very high – not just within the Love Island house, but
also with the viewers.

"The public love couples who fight but appear committed. A “folk theorem” in game theory tells us that when people are sufficiently patient they can remain committed even when incentives to cheat are high. Sometimes second best is the best you can get, so you shouldn’t be greedy. Ultimately, while being liked by the public clearly helps, Love Islanders would do well to heed game theorists’
advice."